The question now arises how so many people develop this particularly towards people belonging to specific social groups and the outgroups. People spontaneously view their own ingroups but not the outgroup in a positive light, attributing its strengths to the essence of what makes a person part of the ingroup genes being a major example.
The central idea in Scapegoat Theory is the psychological principle that tells us about frustration which is often followed by aggression. Irrational prejudices against each other have marred the quality of civilized human life. In settings of discretionary contact—that is, in which people may choose to associate or not—members of disadvantaged racial groups may be isolated.
Dutta conducted a study to measure attitude of University students towards religion and found that females were more religious than males. Note, however, that issues of proof make it more difficult to establish these unconscious forms of discriminatory behavior, although statistical approaches are commonly used to ferret out just such unconscious bias.
Indirect prejudice leads ingroup members to blame the outgroup—the disadvantaged racial group—for their disadvantage Hewstone et al.
It is possible to get this goal, if only three conditions are met. Park and Rothbart have observed that even males perceive all women having similar qualities and attitudes and females perceive all men having homogenous qualities and attitudes though, these two sex groups always come in intimate contact with each other.
So, people are salient about them. For example, Duncan showed that how we perceive the social world can be affected by our categorisations, such asin this case, racial stereotypes.
The Conflict theorists identify that racial and ethnic conflicts are tied to class conflicts and might be solved by reducing a class inequality. Prejudice grows due to social learning in the same process, like attitude and stereotypes.
In social situations, people may self-segregate along racial lines. In this situation, an individual or firm uses overall beliefs about a group to make decisions about an individual from that group Arrow, ; Coate and Loury, ; Lundberg and Startz, ; Phelps, Allport and Gough a, b, c have reported that persons with high level of insecurity arc likely to show higher level of prejudice.
Prejudices virtually affect all of us and pose serious problems in personal and social life and cause unnecessary tensions, irritation, arrogance and friction and what not. The nose, lips size and shape, hair texture, body structure or skin color are salient characteristics.
WallerMaykovich and Mohanty found that age and education were significantly associated with ethocentrism. Through persuasion, demonstration and propagandas, this aim can be achieved. Essentially, it is possible to classify the stranger as Asian, Black, White, Latinos, male, female, child, adult etc.
In Chapter 3, we developed a two-part definition of racial discrimination: differential treatment on the basis of race that disadvantages a racial group and treatment on the basis of inadequately justified factors other than race that disadvantages a racial group (differential effect).We focus our discussion on discrimination against disadvantaged.
While prejudice refers to biased thinking, discrimination consists of actions against a group of people. Discrimination can be based on age, religion, health, and other indicators; race-based laws against discrimination strive to address this set of social problems.
Psychological Theories of Prejudice and Discrimination I on the other two components. A prejudice is an extreme stereotype. The cognitive component is the stereotype; Psychological theories of prejudice Nonetheless we can explain why prejudice is at best difficult to remove.
Firstly. Two Theories That Explain Prejudice Discrimination And Stereotyping Psychology Essay Print Reference this Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. In forming a prejudice, thus, one is guided by the decisions, attitudes, stereotypes and of course, prejudices of the group.
It is developed either to serve the interest of the group or self interest, prejudice is a bias usually believed to be a negative attitude towards people, objects, institutions, nations and nationalities. Nov 08, · Two categories of theories exist to explain the cause of their appearance in the society.
The first category relates to Sociological Theories of the types of racism; it takes into account discrimination and institutional racism.5/5(15).Two theories that explain prejudice discrimination and stereotyping psychology essay