Has high ecological Validity as it relates to real life situations.
This type of conformity is called internationalist and stems from the desire to be correct. There are also other factors we must consider which affect whether people conform. For example I did well on the exams because I revised extremely hard.
Asch used male student participants that were divided into groups of 7 to 9 seated around a table. For example, upon seeing a queue in a shop a person may Join the end of it because that is what everyone else is doing but they may also be guessing at the same time that the people in the queue know that this is the queue that is needed to pay for their items.
Moscovici found that consistency is the most important factor in deciding whether the minority are influential or not.
Conforming to a social role is called identification. Other guards joined in, and other prisoners were also tormented.
The other theory as to why people conform is Normative Social influence which is when an individual complies with the group, changing their behaviour and goes along with the majority publicly to avoid rejection but privately disagrees with their view.
Participants were randomly assigned to either the role of prisoner or guard in a simulated prison environment.
For example in Milgram shock experimentmany participants reported after they were debriefed that they knew delivering the shocks was wrong but they felt that the experimenter was to be held responsible and not them. Kelman said that there are 3 types of conformity, Compliance, which means going along with others to gain approval and avoid rejection and accepting the group view in public but not private.
Stanford Prison Experiment AO1 Zimbardo wanted to investigate how readily people would conform to the social roles of guard and prisoner in a role-playing exercise that simulated prison life.
However being anonymous in a crowd means reducing inner restraints and increasing behaviours that are usually inhibited, Studies such as Zimbardo have provided evidence that deindividuation can be an explanation for aggression. If the consistent minority are seen as inflexible, rigid, uncompromising and dogmatic, they will be unlikely to change the views of the majority.
It has a lot of support from laboratory experiments such as the Bobo doll series of studies. As the research shows, people conform to avoid social rejection and because society expects them to behave in a certain way. The second reason was that they honestly thought that the rest of the group knew better than them and that their own judgements were incorrect, typical of informational social influence.
At this point, the people who have not changed their opinion are the minority, and they will often conform to the majority view as a result of group pressures.
Both guards and prisoners rapidly conformed, in just a few days, to the social roles that the situation placed them in. Bobo Doll experiment The Bobo doll experiment was conducted by Bandura and studied patterns of behaviour associated with aggression.
The group was shown a set of three lines and a separate reference line and the task was to judge which of the three lines was the same length as the reference line, with each set consisting of one line that was obviously the same length and two lines that were obviously different.
No physical violence was permitted. This means that it might not be possible to generalise the finding to a real life setting, as people do not usually receive orders to hurt another person in real life. The prisoners were dependent on the guards for everything so tried to find ways to please the guards, such as telling tales on fellow prisoners.
In addition Zimbardo did conduct debriefing sessions for several years afterwards and concluded they were no lasting negative effects. The study also lacked ecological validity as judging line lengths is not an everyday task.
He thought that Americans were different and would not have followed such orders. A strength of the study is that it has altered the way US prisons are run. Another factor is the time period the study was conducted in. Evaluation of research 1. For example, upon seeing a queue In a shop a person ay Join the end of It because that Is what everyone else Is doing but they may also be guessing at the same time that the people In the queue know that this Is the queue that Is needed to pay for their Items.
Outline and evaluate two explanations of conformity. Normative social influence is a type of conformity compliance, where people behave in a way in which the majority are. Outline and Evaluate explanations of obedience Essay. Outline & Evaluate one or more Explanations of Why People Obey - Outline and Evaluate explanations of obedience Essay introduction.
There are many reasons as to why people obey which have been justified gradually over several decades. Normative social influence occurs when a person desires to be liked and accepted by a group. They will publicly conform and change their behaviour but they will still privately reject their views.
Outline and Evaluate explanations of conformity The Dual Process theory outlines two believed explanations of why humans conform, namely normative influence and Informational influence Normative influence is a form of social influence where a person changes their.
Normative social influence occurs when a person desires to be liked and accepted by a group. They will publicly conform and change their behaviour but they will still privately reject their views. Below is a free excerpt of "Outline and Evaluate Explanations of Conformity" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
Asch believed that conformity was a rational process and so wanted to assess if a minority would conform to a majority even if the majority was clearly wrong.Outline and evaluate explanations of conformity essay