An HVA can also be applied in response to manmade disasters, such as terrorist attacks.
Therefore, disaster epidemiology is of particular importance in planning for, responding to, and recovering from disasters, especially in developing countries. The challenge that lies ahead is immense. The United Nations has collaborated with other entities to develop hazard risk maps for countries that are likely to face future disasters [ 21 ].
However, objective data, such as those from academic institutions, disaster and emergency management centers, and meteorology and seismology agencies, should be used as the main references during the assessment of vulnerability.
Detailed meeting minutes should be recorded during the decision-making process, including minority opinions and overall results. It should be able to methodologically evaluate the degree of impact and provide background information to create a targeted disaster mitigation plan.
After the events of September 11,in New York, U. The hospital HVA team should also be composed of a multidisciplinary team, including representatives from at least the following areas: The likelihood of disaster occurrence can be described as low, medium, or high. Although no indicator can accurately predict the occurrence of disasters, the combination of different risk factors can help to predict the likelihood of disaster occurrence.
The availability of mental health care for the vulnerable, disaster-affected population should be increased to meet the demand. However, the group size should remain manageable, and regular meetings should be scheduled to discuss the maintenance of and assignments for the HVA team [ 13 ].
To carry out the HVA in its entirety, designated departments and personnel should be appointed to oversee HVA activities. A detailed database of disasters is the basis for informed policy decisions.
Hospitals should conduct an annual review of their HVA. Several toolkits have been developed to conduct HVAs. For example, during the SARS outbreak, without an effective HVA on emerging infectious diseases, some Chinese hospitals could not effectively response to this severe infectious disease and fell into crisis.
Despite these efforts, none of the tools have discussed standardized procedures for HVA data collection or were designed for hospitals or communities. Conditions include, but not limited to, schizophrenia, dementia, post-traumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder, and anxiety or generalized anxiety disorder, as well as general mental health problems such as addictions, aggression, and sleep disorders [ 29 ].
The United Nations has collaborated with other entities to develop hazard risk maps for countries that are likely to face future disasters [ 21 ]. A flood is a common natural disaster that greatly affects China, dating back to 30 BC.
A reliable source of information on past disasters is crucial for HVA analysis. It is of critical importance for these countries to learn from the experiences of other countries and to implement essential procedures.
One is at the community level and includes such factors as population growth and distribution, especially increased population density and urbanization, deforestation, dense infrastructure, traffic congestion, river dredging, hospital distribution, socioeconomic status, occupation, and daily activity patterns and habitats.
It includes determining the likelihood of a disaster occurring, its intensity and magnitude, and the possible affected areas of a community [ 4 ].
A hazard vulnerability assessment HVA is a systematic approach to identify all possible hazards that may affect a specific population, assess the risk associated with each hazard e. This system coordinated the use of local resources, ensured cooperation, and enabled the effective deployment of medical rescue forces in the Yushu earthquake [ 15 ].
A reliable source of information on past disasters is crucial for HVA analysis. In this article, we focused on the hazard vulnerability assessment aspect, which is almost nonexistent in China, in relation to disaster preparedness. Maplecroft, A UK-based global risk and strategic consulting firm, developed an index-based map to show vulnerability to climate change.
A team approach should be adopted for the community HVA. An effective HVA plan is crucial for successful disaster preparedness, response, and recovery. Regardless of geographical, cultural, and infrastructure differences, an effective disaster management plan reduces the harmful effects of disasters on hospital emergency rescue capabilities and enables the allocation of medical resources based on the probability of disaster occurrences.
The closer the distance between the hazard and the community, the more severe the consequence may be to the nearby community; and 3 seasonal or cyclical variations.
A flood is a common natural disaster that greatly affects China, dating back to 30 BC. Community Emergency Preparedness Essay. A+. Pages:8 Words This is just a sample. To get a unique essay.
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Nov 24, · In this article, we focused on the hazard vulnerability assessment aspect, which is almost nonexistent in China, in relation to disaster preparedness. We briefly summarized and discussed the current experiences and information that can be tailored to China’s needs.
A risk assessment is a process to identify potential hazards and analyze what could happen if a hazard occurs. A business impact analysis (BIA) is the process for determining the potential impacts resulting from the interruption of time sensitive or critical business janettravellmd.com are.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency calls this analysis a Hazard, Vulnerability Analysis and Risk Assessment. The analysis and assessment will assist the organization properly prepare for the hazards, identify the risks and mitigate the vulnerabilities.
Emergency Operation Plan Development from a Vulnerability Assessment Perspective Learn how to construct a locally tailored all hazards crisis plan based on the hazard and vulnerability assessment .Emergency preparedness and vulnerability assessment essay